September 25, 2022


Engineer's Line

Rabindranath Tagore : The First Asain to Win a Nobel Prize

8 min read

People know Rabindranath Tagore because he wrote our National Anthem.

But do you know?
He was the first Asian to win a Nobel prize.
piecemeal from being a Nobel prize-winning author,
he was a fine minstrel with an expansive collection of runes.
He was also a music musician.
He’d composed further than,200 songs.
He was also complete in oil.
There are further than,300 artworks to his name.
also, he was an enthusiastic rubberneck.

In his period, he’d traveled to 34 countries
While it used to be so delicate to travel back also.
What is further, he’d contributed a great deal to the Indian Independence Movement.
He was also a social leftist.
At a time when utmost people were using the sense of Nationalism
to fight against the Britishers,
Rabindranath Tagore was a step ahead of them.
He believed in the testament of Internationalism.
Come, musketeers, let’s get to know this great person in a moment’s videotape.
As always, let’s start at the morning.
Rabindranath Tagore’s family name or surname was Kushari.
He was a Brahmin.
And their family was so rich that they were called Thakur.
But the Britishers could not gasp the name.
So they mispronounced it and started using Tagore.
That is where he got his name, Tagore.
And over time,’ Tagore’ came generally used.
Now, Rabindranath Tagore’s forefather, Dwarkanath Tagore,
he was a veritably prominent industrialist.
He’d several businesses in sectors like banking, insurance, coal-mining, and silk.
And if you flash back the occasion on Raja Ram Mohan Roy, I had told you,
he was a close friend of Raja Ram Mohan Roy.

And a member of his Brahmo Samaj.
His son was Debendranath Tagore.
Father of Rabindranath Tagore.
The mindset of Debendranath Tagore wasn’t veritably business-acquainted.
Rather he believed more in church.
In Swami Vivekananda’s spiritual trip,
he had played a huge part.
I talked about it in the occasion on Swami Vivekananda.
Debendranath Tagore had 14 children.
His youthful son was Rabindranath Tagore.
He was born in 1861.
Because Rabindranath Tagore’s father was busy with his spiritual trip,
and his mama was not healthy enough,
he was substantially raised by retainers in his nonage.
latterly on, he describes this period of his life as
it as a’ Servocracy.’
Rule of the retainers.
Talking about his education, he did not have a good experience at academy because
he did not pay important attention in his class.
And so he would frequently get penalized by the preceptors.
That is why he kept changing seminaries.
Calcutta Academy, Oriental Seminary, St Xavier’s.
Eventually, he dropped out of academy.
After dropping out, he was home tutored by his family Hemendranath Tagore.
He was tutored all the formal subjects like wisdom, calculi and similar.
Other than these, he also got physical training.
By way of judo, swimming in the Ganga, wrestling and indeed touring.
In fact, fabulous musicians used to come to his home to educate him music.
Like Jadunath Bhattacharya.
He was the person who had composed the tune of Vande Mataram, our public song.
In 1873, when Rabindra was 12 times old,
his father took him on a trip of tone- discovery.
First in a small area of Shantiniketan.
And also staying in Amritsar for a month.
He would sit in the Golden Temple for hours at an end harkening to the Gurbani or homilies.
also they went to the Dalhousie hill station in the Himalayas to stay for some months.
There his father tutored him Astronomy, History and Modern Science.
In addition to spiritual textbooks like Upanishads and Valimiki’s Ramayana.
also he completed his advanced education in London.
musketeers, we understand the mode for the IAS job moment.
But did you know that Indian Civil Services began in 1855, London?
And when it was opened up for Indians,
it was veritably delicate for Indians to qualify for it.
Primarily because the maximum age limit for trying the test was set at 23 times.
And secondly, for the coming 50 times, the test was held in only London.
So one had to go there to take the test.
On top of it, a big part of the syllabus was grounded on European Classics.
So it was relatively delicate for the Indians because of all these reasons.
Indeed so, in 1864, Rabindranath’s family Satyendranath Tagore came the first Indian to pass this test.
also in 1878, Rabindra went to England with his family and his family to study abroad.
He studied Law at the University College, London.
Because his father wanted him to be a counsel.
But he wasn’t interested in law.
So he dropped out of council latterly.
Despite dropping out of the council
there is a Tagore lecture series tutored in the council
in relative Literature every time.
During this time, Rabindra studied English Literature.
Like the workshop of William Shakespeare.
He also got acquainted with English, Irish and Scottish music.
All these influences shaped the artworks of Rabindranath Tagore.
He’d started writing at a youthful age.
He was only 13 when he wrote his first lyric.
In 1874 it was published in the Tattwabodhini Patrika.
At the time, these journals were the only bones
to publish the workshop of Indian authors.
But thankfully, currently you do not have to look for a Patrika if you want to read some stories.
With the Pratilipi app, you can read the stories of the stylish Indian authors with only a click
on your smartphone or tablet.
There are further than 5 million stories on this platform.
Across 12 languages and several stripes.
My fave is the Thriller and suspension kidney.
I like those stories the stylish.
In the order section of this app, you can choose the kidney that you like
And enjoy the stories.
The stylish thing is that all the stories on this platform are fully free.
And accessible by your phone.
The stories won’t only be in the books but also in your fund!
Anyway, coming back to our content.
Rabindra also started writing and composing songs.
And a huge addict of his songs was Naren.
Who was Naren, you’d ask, our youthful Swami Vivekananda.
In fact, Rabindranath Tagore,
when he and Swami Vivekananda were youthful,
had tutored some songs to Naren.
And Swami Vivekananda and some others had sung these songs
at the marriage of a member of Brahmo Samaj
Just suppose about the deep connection these literal leaders participated.
Rabindranath Tagore’s music was a synthesize of several stripes.
Hindustani classical music, Carnatic music, Gurbani, Irish music,
were mixed by him to produce new music.
To date, the impact is seen not only in Bengali music
but numerous Bollywood songs are inspired by his music.
Like the song Choo Kar Mere Mann Ko
This song is inspired by his music.
Talking about prose, Rabindra had started writing stories at a veritably youthful age.
One of his most notorious stories is The Kabuliwala.
You might’ve read about it in some book.
But he started writing novels at a after age.
He published his first novel at the age of 22.
When he was comparatively aged.
22 is veritably youthful.
Rabindra wrote a collection of runes called Geetanjali.
His runes were restated into English.
And it gained so important fame in Europe and America
that Rabindranath Tagore came a star.
He started going on tenures to colorful countries.
He started getting assignations to give lectures.
The child, who’s decked with Napoleon’s blankets
And who has jewelled chains round his neck loses all pleasure in his play;
his dress hampers him at every step.
In fear that it may be rasped, or stained with dust
he keeps himself from the world,
and is hysterical indeed to move.
mama, it’s no gain, thy thrall of feather,
if it keep one shut off from the healthy dust of the earth.if it burglarize one of the right of entrance to the great show of common mortal life. ”
Rabindranath Tagore’s runes frequently revolved around the themes of independence, freedom and nationalism.
maybe his most notorious lyric is
Into that heaven of freedom, my Father, Let My Country Awake.
When the Britishers partitioned Bengal in 1905,
also he wrote the song, Āmār Shonār Bānglā.
Which is now the National Anthem of Bangladesh.
Rabindranath Tagore has not only written the National Anthem of India,
but also the National Anthem of Bangladesh.
He’d requested the Hindus and Muslims
to tie Rakhi( a symbol of brotherhood) on Rakshabandhan( day celebrating brotherhood)
to show their concinnity.
Around this time, he wrote one of his most notorious songs.
Eklā Cholo Re.
If you are the only one fighting injustice.Carry on with the fight
Indeed if you have to do it alone.
When he wrote or National Anthem Jana Gana Mana
it was sung for the first time in 1911 in the Congress Session in Calcutta.
After this, in 1913,
he came the firstnon-European to win a Nobel Prize.
He won the Nobel Prize in the field of Literature.
Who can say musketeers, the coming Nobel Prize may also be won by an Indian.
There are further than,000 pens on Pratilipi.
So there’s a lot of diversity of content there.
Someone among these,000 authors may be the coming winner in the field of literature.
The British government admired him a lot.
That is why in 1915, the British Government conferred a Knighthood on him.
It was a matter of important pride.
Four times latterly, in 1919 the Jallianwala Bagh butchery happed
Because of it, he renounced or gave up his Knighthood, as a form of kick.
The opinions of Mahatma Gandhi and Rabindranath Tagore varied a lot over several issues
At times there had nearly differing opinions.
Gandhi believed in Nationalism.
He believed that we should of course love the country we are born into.
And the sense of Nationalism helps to unite people against the British rule.
But Rabindranath Tagore believed that the sense of nationalism can soon turn into vain pride.
That people start believing their country to be the stylish.
And start abhorring other countries for no reason at all.
We are told that Asia is like a magnific grave.
That looks for its riches among its dead.
It’s said that Asia can not progress,
Because it’s always looking at the history.
We’ve accepted this blameworthiness.
We started believing it.
We forgot that Philosophy, Science, Art, Literature and Religion, all radiated from Asia.
It isn’t true that the air and soil then
make people lazy and hamper all progress.
When the West was in darkness,
it was the East that carried the arsonist of societies for centuries.
And also the dark night set on th East.

Asia stopped looking for new food.
And began surviving on its history.
This inertia is like Death.
So principally, Rabindranath Tagore’s testament was one step above Nationalism.
He believed in Internationalism.
The entire world is one.
We should not detest on other societies and other countries without any reason.
It’s relatively analogous to Bhagat Singh’s testament.
I told this in the occasion on Bhagat Singh
that Bhagat Singh too believed in Internationalism.
But interestingly musketeers, despite the difference of opinion,
Rabindranath Tagore and Mahatma Gandhi were good musketeers.
And they had helped one another when demanded.
In 1932, when Gandhi went on a hunger strike in Pune
Tagore went to help him.
On another occasion, when Gandhi saw Tagore performing in play
he began to worry about Tagore’s health
because he was relatively old by also.
Gandhi asked Tagore why he wanted to perform.
Tagore answered that he was raising finances for his university.
So Mahatma Gandhi asked one of his rich musketeers to contribute plutocrat to the university.
Look at these notorious prints of Rabindranath
with Jawaharlal Nehru,
Mahatma Gandhi,
and with Subhash Chandra Bose.

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